Chair Pros

WORKSTATION OBSERVATION     "Computer Station"

    NAME:____________________ DATE _______________    

Observation

Solutions
 

KEYBOARD & MOUSE

Yes

No

 

Fixed

1

Elbows are held out, away from the body and the shoulders are raised and tense.

  
  1. Raise or lower height of keyboard or mouse.
  2. Raise or lower height of chair
  3. Make a conscious effort to relax the shoulders
  4. Adjust or remove arm rests
 

2

Wrists are bent at more than 15 degrees when using the mouse, the soft tissue hitting sharp edge of the counter surface.

  
  1. Raise or lower height of mouse.
  2. Raise or lower height of chair
  3. Place mouse closer
  4. Provide a wrist rest
  5. Place mouse at the seated elbow height
 

3

Wrists are bent more then 15 degrees when using the keyboard.

  
  1. Raise or lower height of keyboard
  2. Raise or lower height of chair
  3. Place keyboard closer
  4. Lower feet on back of keyboard
  5. Provide a wrist rest
  6. If none exists add articulated keyboard tray set with wrist pad and mousing surface
 

4

The mouse is above or below elbow height. The reach for the mouse is too far.

  
  1. Raise or lower height of mouse
  2. Raise or lower height of chair
  3. Place mouse closer
  4. If none exists provide articulated
  5. keyboard tray set with attached mousing surface
 

5

The home row of the keyboard is above or below elbow height. The keyboard is causing a reach that is too far.

  
  1. Raise or lower height of keyboard
  2. Raise or lower height of chair
  3. Place keyboard closer
 

6

The elbows are not allowed to move 70 to 135 degrees while keeping the wrists straight.

  
  1. Raise or lower height of keyboard
  2. Raise or lower height of chair
  3. Place keyboard closer to body
  4. If none exists provide articulated keyboard tray set
 

7

Chair arms cause shoulders to be raised.

Chair arms keep from sliding under desk.

  
  1. Remove arms from chair
  2. Adjust height of armrests
  3. Provide a chair with arms that reverse or swing out of the way
 

8

Feet dangle above floor and/or ankles do not form 90 angle.

  
  1. Lower chair if feet angle above floor.
  2. Adjust keyboard height.
  3. Provide footrest.
  4. Lower desk if feet dangle.
  5. If work surface is too low, raise table.
 

9

Lumbar support does not comfortably fit into the natural curve of the lower back.

  
  1. Raise or lower chair back.
  2. Adjust backrest forward without tilting it forward.
  3. Be able to recline chair back toapproximately 105.
  4. Provide back cushion or lumbar roll.
  5. Provide a different chair with a different style backrest.
 

10

Backrest not used. (Is employee sitting forward in chair?)

(Seat back and seat pan angle should allow 90 to 105.)

  
  1. Adjust backrest.
  2. Lower chair.
  3. Provide footrest.
  4. Try lumbar pillow.
  5. Provide a different chair with a smaller seat pan.
 

11

a) Upper and lower legs not able to move 60-100.

b) No space behind the backs of the knees. (Seat pan can cut circulation when there is no clearance behind the knees.)

  
  1. Raise or lower chair.
  2. Provide footrest.
  3. Clear items under desk.
  4. Use back pillow or move seat back forward.
  5. If possible, move seat pan forward to clear backs of knees.
 

12

Top of screen is above or below eyebrow level. (The key is to have Neutral head posture.)

  
  1. Raise or lower monitor.
  2. Raise or lower chair.
 

13

Screen is placed to the right or left of the employee.

  
  • Place monitor directly in front of employee
 

14

Screen is closer than 20" or further. Think 30" from employee.

  
  1. Move the screen to a comfortable distance from the employee.
  2. Remember that a distance of 20" to 30" is only a guideline. Since eyesight differs with each individual comfort should be the primary concern.
 

15

Images on screen flicker or are not steady.

  
  • Contact Technical Services for evaluation of monitor.
 

16

Monitor screen has smudges or is dusty.

  
  1. Clean monitor screen.
  2. Reinforce with employee the need to perform periodic cleaning.
 

17

Lights or objects can be seen as a reflection in the monitor screen.

  
  1. Reposition monitor at 90 angle to the light source or object.
  2. Reposition the direction of the light source as with a movable task light)
  3. Eliminate source of glare. (Remove overhead bulbs.)
  4. Close window blinds.
  5. Lower overhead lighting levels. Use task lighting
  6. Provide screen hood.
  7. Provide glare screen.
 

18

Awkward postures when using the 10 Key calculator.

  
  1. Move calculator closer and in front
  2. and in front of the body when using.
  3. Provide palm support to help keep wrist neutral, not bent.
 

19

Does not change postures frequently.

Static.

  
  1. Change postures frequently.
  2. Move body every 45 minutes to 1 hour.
  3. Take a micro-break every hour. (1-2 minutes in length)
  4. Do simple stretches / exercises for 2-3 minutes. Try taking a walk.
 

20

Source document flat on desk or far to the left or right of the monitor.

  
  1. Provide document holder.
  2. Reposition document holder to the same height and adjacent to the monitor.
 

21

Telephone cradled between head and shoulder.

  
  1. If telephone usage is not frequent, suggest that employee holds phone to ear with hand.
  2. Provide headset.
  3. Provide speakerphone.
 

22

Employee is reaching over 18 inches. Reaches above, across, etc.

  
  • Keep items that are used often within easy reach.
 

COMMENTS:

OBSERVATIONS

By: _____________________

Date ____/____/______



Chair Pros gives our special thanks to, Joan Leon, RN, COHN-S, Senior Occupational Health Consultant Ergonomic Specialist, of the Kemper Insurance Companies, for providing the basis for this ergonomic observation tools development. Chair Pros 949-388-9523